12 facts about baby sleep?
Let's look at some amazing facts about how our babies sleep.
Fact No. 1
Until 2.5-3 months, the child's sleep mostly consists of active surface sleep, from which he easily wakes up in case he is hungry or experiencing some discomfort. At the same time, if it is comfortable, it can be quite difficult to wake up with noise, speech and even touch. However, after 3-months, children become more demanding of the environment during sleep.
Fact No. 2
In children in the first month of life, the active phase takes about 80% of sleep, 4% for 40 months, 3 for 30%: during the active phase of sleep, the child moves in a dream and can wake himself with hand movements or wincing.
Fact No. 3
At important stages of the development of the baby: at the age of 14-17 weeks, about 7-10 months (at the moment when he starts to get up, sit down, crawl), and especially when he starts to take the first steps (about a year) and talk (in 1,5 - 2 years) can occur. "Regress of sleep" is a temporary (from 2 to 6 weeks) sleep disorder. The dream of a child who used to sleep well, suddenly spoils - this concerns both intermittent and short night sleep, and problems with daytime sleep
Fact No. 4
Given the characteristics of the physiology of childhood sleep, starting from 5-6 months, almost every child can fall asleep on their own and sleep through the night.
Fact No. 5
By 9-12 months the child outgrows the physiological need for night feeding and from that age one can try to gently wean the child to wake up at night to eat (distract, reduce the time of breastfeeding, reduce the volume of the mixture into bottles).
Fact No. 6
Children can not "sleep" in the morning missing watches: from 3 months to 5-6, children wake up according to their biological clock, no matter how much they fall asleep at night, and sometimes even the opposite situation: the later the child goes to bed, the earlier he wakes up) , and the lack of sleep they accumulate and these children will sleep worse and next day.
Fact No. 7
Children with chronic children's lack of sleep often have obesity, hyperactivity and attention deficit syndrome.
Fact No. 8
Лучшее для абсолютного большинства детей время для отхода ко сну согласно биоритмам – с 19 до 20:30 (отклонения крайне редки и не больше, чем на час). Если ребенок ложиться позже 21 часа, то у него нарушится и замедляется выработка мелатонина – гормона сна, и происходит выброс кортизола, как результат – ребенку сложнее заснуть, он будет чаще просыпаться ночью. У мелатонина ооочень много важных функций, в т.ч., участвует в работе имунной системы, регулирует артериальное давление, участвует в обновлении клеток, усиливает антиоксидантную защиту, регулирует функционирование кишечного тракта, влияет на рост и развитие клеток мозга.
Fact No. 9
The need for the amount of sleep in the summer does not change, despite the change in daylight hours: it is necessary to observe the same regime in the summer as in winter.
Fact No. 10
Children can not fall asleep normally if they are overexcited: it is necessary to keep track of the waking time and start laying the child based on the age and individual norms of wakefulness.
Fact No. 11
Children until 3 years of nap is mandatory. After three years it is advisable to organize for children a "quiet hour": time for reading, quiet games and classes
Fact No. 12
Sleep disorders occur in almost 25-30% of children between the ages of 1 and 5 years.