Pets and children. It is possible or not?
World studies in this area indicate that the presence of a pet in the house has a beneficial effect on the health and immunity of children.
Children who grow with pets are less likely to have SARS and other respiratory infections, otitis and rhinitis. The risk of developing allergic skin diseases (including atopic dermatitis, eczema and bronchial asthma) is not higher, but, conversely, lower among children who lived with a dog in the first years of life. Obviously, this is due to the fact that the child develops immunological tolerance (resistance) to certain allergens in animals, as well as earlier production of IgG and IgG4 antibodies with a "protective" effect (with cats, everything is unequivocal, according to studies, cohabitation with cats increases the risk of allergic diseases). The relationship between the presence of an animal at an early age and the composition of the intestinal microflora (which can provide a potential protective mechanism for a number of allergic diseases) is noted.
Animals develop the emotional sphere in children (emotional intelligence):
- children learn to be responsible and caring, develop feelings of empathy and sympathy, and also more easily perceive the appearance of an 2 child in the family;
- often children perceive a pet as their friend and rarely feel lonely;
- children living with animals walk more often, play mobile games with dogs and they have better physical training;
- in children living with a pet below the level of cortisol (a stress hormone), and some researchers have noted that children are easier to learn;
- animals help children with autism, improve their speech and communication skills;
- adults less likely to experience stress, have lower levels of blood pressure, cholesterol and they have less obesity.