How to playfully teach a child new activities
DedMama teaches the child new actions, using two approaches: it shows what and how to do, doing these actions by herself; If the child does not succeed, she takes his hands in her and helps him to take the required actions.
By teaching the child to act, the mother uses household items or toys appropriate to these actions. In addition, she accompanies her behavior with speech, calling both actions and objects. As a result of such "training sessions" the child acquires all sorts of information:
- he improves his ability to imitate the behavior of another person;
- he assimilates a set of actions from which he can later build more complex actions;
- he learns which subjects correspond to what actions; this contributes to the formation of concepts;
- he learns the names of actions and the names of objects.
Game No. 1
Give the child to practice by putting on his neck over his head beads of large light beads. Show him how to put on these beads to you and the doll. Look only so that he does not tear the thread and that the beads do not hit his mouth. Hold your hand upright, and let the baby put the bracelet on your arm. Make it a game and in turn put the bracelet on each other's arm. Or buy a child a pyramid and show him how to put on the pivot of the ring.
Game No. 2
Give the child such toys with which you can play different games. For example, use cans of plastic, in which you can put different things, such as cubes, empty coils, wooden beads, plastic caps from bottles, etc. After putting a few such items in the jar, cover it with a lid and shake it. Give the child to listen, then pour the objects out of the jar and ask the child to collect them in it. Give the child to play with plastic cups that are put in each other. Show how it's done, and ask him to play like that.
Game No. 3
When the child is bathing in the bath, give him toys that float, for example, a plastic cup, and toys that drown, for example, a metal spoon. Ask the child to get it out of the bath and give you that and the other toy.
Game No. 4
Show him how to drop or throw an object in an empty bucket. It's better that it's a metal bucket. As a "throwing material," you can use, for example, a metal spoon, a wooden cube or an empty spool of thread, a plastic lid from a bottle or jar, etc. Pay attention to the child's sound when the object hits the bottom of the bucket. Help the child shake the bucket to hear the sound again. This game is especially good for children who have a tendency to throw objects on the floor. Experience shows that having the opportunity to play in such a game, children get rid of this their very inconvenient for domestic addictions.
Game No. 5
Sit on the floor next to the baby and, showing him your favorite toy, hide her behind your foot on the other side of him. Let him try to get over your legs to get a toy. In the same way, teach the child to overcome other obstacles, for example, a sofa cushion. Using the same approach, teach the baby to get the toy, bypassing the box with toys, going around the corner of the cabinet or going out the door. Show him where you put the toy and pay attention to it.
Game No. 6
In front of the child approaching you, hide an interesting toy, covering it with any object that the child can remove or move (with a diaper, baby blanket, box, paper). Use an attractive toy and an uninteresting closing object so that the child does not distract him by his examining and exploring. For example, take a bright toy and close it first with a small bowl. Then close it on top with a drawer or a box from the shoe. Finally, cover it all with a towel. If the child loses interest, tell him "Let's search together" and help him to remove all these items. Picture the excitement and surprise when you find a toy together.
Game No. 7
Take in a fist a small toy, get your hand behind the screen (a bowl, box, diaper, paper) and leave the toy there. Then show the child your empty hand and ask: "Where is she?" Help him to get the toy himself.
Game No. 8
Playing on the floor, put a few cushions on the floor so that you can hide behind them. Hide and call the child: "Ku-ku, look for me." When he finds you, portray delight.
Game No. 9
The child learns different ways to get the object he needs. Here's a simple example of a situation where he needs to take some preliminary action before taking the right object into his hand. Before the child on the table is a plate on which lies a piece of orange, but it is moved to such a distance that you can reach the edge of the plate, and not to the orange. The child needs to move the plate to himself. Will he do it? If not, stand next to it and show how it's done. Then push the plate back and see if he has learned your lesson.
Game No. 10
Put a lace in front of the baby, the other end of which is tied to a toy that is at such a distance that the child can not grab it. Pull the end of the lace, showing the child that the toy is moving. Suggest him to pull the string. Tie the ropes to different toys (car, truck, trolley, locomotive, etc.) and leave them on the floor. Let the child drag the toys with him when he crawls or walks around the room.
Gradually come up and put before the child more complex tasks and show him how to solve them. For example, put the toy on a towel, wrapped on a mountain of pillows on the bed or on the couch. The tip of the towel to be pulled should be out of the reach of the child. Therefore, he must first get to the towel, and then, pulling for it, get a toy.
Begin to teach the baby to put the toys in the box. Every time before he goes to bed, tell him: "Help me collect the toys." Show him a finger on the toy, say: "Take it." Then say "Take it to the box" and point it at the box.