How to teach a child to understand and speak
At the age of 10-12 months the child understands very much of what you say to him. But his understanding is based not only on the words that you utter. It depends very much on the situation (what he is seeing around him at that time, what he is doing at this time), from your gestures, the expression of your face, the tone of your voice. At this age, the child also acquires the tendency to repeat the syllables or simple words he has heard. True, this applies only to such short words, the vowels and consonants of which the child is already able to pronounce.
Game No. 1
Learning to speak it, create such game situations, when repeating the word you said would lead to the desired effect for the baby. For example, when you wipe it after bathing, call the body parts: "Here's the leg, pull the leg, the good leg", "Where the handle is, here's the handle ...", "But the tummy", "And this is the back". Stroke, tickle, kiss ... When dressing, ask him to help you: "Pull out the leg," "Pull the handle," "Raise the head," etc.
Game No. 2
Holding the child in his arms, ask him: "And where is Misha's nose?". Take in his hand his finger, touch his nose and say: "Here's the spout." Then ask: "And where's Mom's nose?" And touch it with your finger your nose, saying: "Here's Mom's nose". Do the same for the mouth, eye, forehead. Repeat this many times - until the child begins to independently show your finger and your nose, mouth, etc. with your finger. When he has already learned this game, spend it in front of the mirror.
Game No. 3
Playing with the child, ask him to perform simple actions already known to him, for example: take, put, give, show, throw, come here, roll, put on. If he does not respond to the request, accompany the words with an explanatory gesture. If this does not help, show the child what action you want him to perform, or help the child implement it.
Use the words "give", "show", "take" in relation to different household items and toys. During food, put in front of the child several different pieces of food, for example, cookies, bread, apple, etc. Say: "Take the bread." If the child does not take what you asked for, correct it. Similarly, lay out a few toys in front of him and in turn ask him for different items. To make it interesting, make a specific game scenario using the items that you received from the child. For example, ask the car first, then ask the doll you will be rolling in the car. Then ask the baby to "run away" from the car, which will try to drive him.
If the kid does not perform actions like "give", "take", try another way to find out if he understands the names of objects and toys. Ask him where the object is, and watch where he will direct his gaze. If he looks at the thing you called, praise him.
Game No. 4
Consider with the kid books with pictures of toys, cats, dogs and ordinary objects. Ask him to show a finger a particular object. Praise him if he does it. Point your finger at objects or creatures you know. Pointing at a dog or a cat, picture how they "say" ("This is a pussycat, she says meow").
Game No. 5
If there is another member of the family in the room, ask the child to show him: "Where's Dad? Show your dad. " If the child is already walking and is currently on the floor, tell him: "Go to your dad (a woman, a grandfather, an aunt, etc.)." Let the one to whom the child went, joyfully meet him!
Game No. 6
Teach your child to shake his head, expressing in such a way "No", "I do not want", "Do not." Ask someone in the family to offer him and you that food that he probably does not want to eat. Say "No, no, I do not want to" and shake your head.
Use a similar approach to teach the child to nod his head in the sense of "Yes." Let someone ask you and the child: "Do you want a patty?" (Or something else that the baby likes). Nod your head and say "Yes, yes, of course."
Game No. 7
Play with the child in the "conversation" by repeating one after another the same syllable or word. When pronouncing the words, do this with a questioning intonation, inviting him to "talk." Try to teach the baby the pronunciation of the following words (or syllables) with different consonants:
- m - mother (ma);
- b - woman, buy-in, bang;
- n - father, share;
- n - nurse;
- d - give, uncle, grandfather;
- t - aunt;
- to - ki (cat);
- d - eider;
- l - lyala (doll).
Game No. 8
Try to come up with situations that would allow the baby to begin to understand the spoken word (repeated) by him, associate it with a certain object or event. For example, tell the child: "Let's call Dad." Let the father turn to your call, smile to you and the child and turn away again. In response to the "father" said by the child, ask the father to react much more actively: go to the child, talk with him, caress him. The same can be done with the participation of other relatives.